Artificial Intelligence (a/k/a “AI”) is the intelligence demonstrated by machines in contrast to the natural intelligence displayed by humans and other animals. This technology makes it possible for machines to learn from experience, adjust to new inputs, and perform human-like tasks. It relies heavily on deep learning and natural language processing.
There are certain rules and regulations when it comes to this new technology. For example, Isaac Asimov’s three laws of robotics are crucial to the development of the laws. The following statutes apply to this new technology: (1) Self Drive Act; (2) AV Start Act; and (3) Future of Artificial Intelligence Act.
The Self-Drive Act ensures the safety of a highly automated vehicle which is defined as a motor vehicle, other than a commercial motor vehicle, that is equipped with an automated driving system capable of performing the entire dynamic driving task on a sustained basis. This law preempts states from enacting rules about the design, construction, or performance of highly automated vehicles or automated driving systems unless they enact identical standards to the federal standards. It requires the Department of Transportation to implement safety assessment certifications. It also requires manufacturers to develop cybersecurity and privacy plans for these vehicles before selling them.
The AV Start Act ensures the safety of highly automated vehicles and preempts states from adopting, maintaining, or enforcing any rules to regulate these vehicles regarding safety evaluations. It requires the Department of Transportation to establish a technical committee on safety and a working group on the automated driving system education efforts. It also requires manufacturers to implement a written plan for identifying and reducing cybersecurity risks. It requires the Department of Commerce to establish the HAV Data Access Advisory Committee to provide a forum for discussing and making policy recommendations on the information that vehicles collect, generate, record, or store in an electronic format.
The Future of Artificial Intelligence Act was proposed as a bill in order to require the Secretary of Commerce to establish the Federal Advisory Committee on the development and implementation of artificial intelligence. It is also known as the “Fundamentally Understanding The Usability and Realistic Evolution of Artificial Intelligence Act of 2017.” It considers how the development of artificial intelligence can affect cost savings and streamline operations in healthcare, cybersecurity, infrastructure, and disaster recovery. This statute is concerned with the protection of our privacy rights.
We understand how artificial intelligence affects your rights and responsibilities. In fact, artificial intelligence has a direct impact on intellectual property rights. So, in some cases we must determine who owns the intellectual property? Is it the programmer? Is it the user who provided the specifications for the work? Furthermore, there are programs that can produce music by listening to it. There are programs that can restore or create mimics of famous artists. Thus, we may need to determine the copyright law's limitations. It’s important to note that some countries have publicly recognized a robot’s rights as a citizen, which has raised concerns about its impact on international laws. Also, artificial intelligence may affect privacy rights. There are digital assistants that make appointments, book reservations, and call businesses. However, their conversations are being recorded which may pose a liability towards manufacturers. In fact, in some jurisdictions it is a crime to record communications without prior consent. For example, California Penal Code § 632 denotes that persons who intentionally record confidential communications without the consent of all parties may be punished by a fine of up to $2,500 per violation, or imprisonment not exceeding one year, or both.
The regulation of autonomous vehicles is another important topic. Many jurisdictions have passed laws to regulate autonomous vehicles. These regulations are meant to promote innovation and protect the public. The National Conference of State Legislatures provides a list of the current laws. In fact, the State of California, under SB 1298, has passed legislation that requires its agencies to adopt safety standards.
We understand which technologies are being affected by artificial intelligence and how the courts are handling the legal disputes. Finally, our artificial intelligence lawyers know what other countries are doing about artificial intelligence technologies.