Internet of Things
The Internet of Things (a/k/a "IoT") is the next evolution and is making a remarkable impact on technology. Devices are now able to communicate with each other through embedded sensors that are linked by wired and wireless networks. For example, they include thermostats, automobiles, or pills that permit a physician to monitor the patient's health. Technology advancements allow networks and objects they connect to become more intelligent. The factors that are currently driving growth, include, development of smart cities, smart cars, and smart homes. In fact, some companies have predicted that in the near future more than 40 billion units will be connected to the Internet. However, there are concerns with privacy, security, and regulation.
In general, the Internet of Things is governed by information that's stored by devices without human intervention. So, privacy may be compromised through different technologies. Also, devices may not interact well due to development on incompatible platforms (i.e., lack of interoperability). The Federal Trade Commission has issued a report that urges companies to adopt best practices to address consumer privacy and security risks.
Now, wearable technology is able to generate constant, convenient, seamless, portable, and hands-free access to electronics and computers. This technology can be used in the military, law enforcement, entertainment, and healthcare industries. However, with every benefit comes a risk (e.g., violation of privacy rights). Drones (i.e., flying robots) are being used by military and non-military persons. These flying robots (e.g., UAS/UAV) are remotely-piloted autonomous systems. They are useful for covert operations. However, adapting to new devices has not been easy for society due to concerns over privacy, security, and regulation.
In order to adapt to this evolution, the legal system must concentrate on the interaction of information technology with other industries. Our legal system must implement a uniform view to accommodate information technology. For example, remote access allows criminals to obtain access to a network that contains confidential information. Other issues with remote access, include, data privacy, protection of proprietary rights, and liability for unauthorized use of systems.
The Federal Trade Commission holds public workshops to explore consumer privacy and security issues posed by the growing connectivity of devices. The workshops focus on privacy and security issues related to connectivity for consumers-both at home (e.g., smart home appliances) and when consumers are mobile (e.g., fitness devices, personal devices, automobiles). In addition, the European Union has addressed the issues and risks (e.g., privacy, security, regulation). In March 2015, the European Commission initiated the creation of the Alliance for Internet of Things Innovation. This alliance flags European commission's goal to work with the interested parties to promote innovation. The alliance's objective is to develop and support dialogue and interaction among the players.
Today, web-enabled televisions, household appliances, security systems, and thermostats can be remotely controlled via smartphones. Business-related services (e.g., air conditioning, security systems, vending machines) can be monitored and managed by third parties. So, these connected services should be properly managed or they can create vulnerabilities in a network's security.
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